Hearing Loss

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Hearing Loss

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Involves damage to the inner ear caused by aging, pre-natal and birth-related problems, viral and bacterial infections, heredity, trauma, and exposure to loud noise, fluid backup or benign tumor in the inner ear. Almost all sensorineural hearing losses can be effectively treated with hearing aids.

Signs and symptoms:
  • Perceiving speech and other sounds distorted or unclear
  • Hearing a ringing or buzzing sound that is constant or periodic
  • Difficulty understanding speech in the presence of background noise

Conductive Hearing Loss

Involves the outer and middle ear that may be caused by blockage by cerumen (earwax), punctured tympanic membrane (eardrum), birth defects, ear infections or heredity, and often can be effectively treated medically or surgically.

Signs and symptoms:
  • Perceiving speech and other sounds as faint or muffled
  • Ear pain or discharge from the ear
  • Redness or swelling of the outer ear
  • Pressure or fullness in the ear

Mixed Hearing Loss

Refers to a combination of conductive and sensorineural loss and means that a problem occurs in both the outer or middle and the inner ear.

Central Hearing Loss

Results from damage or impairment to the nerves of nuclei of the central nervous system, either in the pathways to the brain or in the brain itself.

Signs and symptoms:
  • Detecting sounds but not being able to understand or process it.
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